The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner FPI+ Current Capabilities. But, infrared light can reach and be read by a telescope -- if it's an infrared telescope. Find flights to Sofia from $218. The Boeing 747 is also proving to be a veritable jack of all trades and master of many. The "SP" stands for Special Performance -- and it lived up to its name. "All airplane observatories have telescopes on left side," said Meyer. "Winter is more optimum because the nights are longer, there's less water vapor in the atmosphere, and there's less turbulence," Meyer said. The crew puts on their sweaters and jackets. Take a closer look at SOFIA, the Boeing 747 that just found water on the moon. Once the telescope door opens, the work can be intense. Because it's not being used as a passenger jet, the plane's low weight lets it thrust into the cool desert air in less then 40 seconds. The St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia occupies an area of 3170 m2 and can hold 10,000 people inside. Some are dedicated to studying specific astronomical science phenomena. ; ESA Herschel/NASA JPL Caltech, NASA/DLR:USRA/DSI:R./Shuping & W. Vacca/FORCAST team, Antony Matheus Linsen/Fairfax Media/Getty, Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories, finding of frozen H20 on the moon with data acquired from NASA's flying observatory, airlines are finding they no longer have a purpose for the jet, NASA operates a fleet of Gulfstream private jets used to shuttle astronauts and conduct research missions – take a closer look, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Bombardier's new $9.9 million private jet that has its own private office and near-cross-country range just entered service – see inside the Learjet 75 Liberty, Singapore Airlines is launching the new world's longest flight that will see flyers spending almost 19 hours on a plane nonstop. The Jumbo Jet comes equipped with a 2.7-meter far-infrared telescope capable of peering deep into space and seeing with infrared what cannot be seen with visible light. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, or Sofia, has an open hatch so a telescope can watch the sky while the plane flies at 500 mph. A certain eye in the sky called the 747SP has made certain of that. "Up to moderate turbulence, the telescope can still make reliable observations," says SOFIA pilot Capt. Right on schedule. A leading-edge research firm focused on digital transformation. Magnetic fields are usually parallel to the plane of the galaxy, but the wind is dragging it so it’s perpendicular. But they are invisible in visible light. There's a reason why the telescope resides on the left side of the aircraft. SOFIA’s infrared camera called FORCAST, the Faint Object Infrared Camera for the SOFIA Telescope, can peer inside the obscuring clouds, revealing how these enormous stars are changing their surroundings. Are you with me? So, the higher altitude you fly, the drier it gets and the more optimal it is for infrared observation. A huge telescope is mounted inside the fuselage and can be revealed by opening a huge hatch in the rear. The discovery is among the most consequential the jet has made in over 100 flights and a decade of service. Also, exposing the telescope to direct sunlight would destroy its optics and create a fire hazard. The 747SP is a special and shorter version of the first generation 747. Pamela Marcum, NASA's SOFIA project scientist, said the goals of the overall mission include "studying objects spanning the full gamut of astronomical topics including planets, moons, asteroids and comets in our solar system; star and planet formation; extra-solar planets and the evolution of planetary systems; the interstellar medium and interstellar chemistry; the nucleus of the Milky Way galaxy, and nearby normal and active galaxies.". Why surf the web when you can surf the solar system? Nicholas Veronico, SOFIA Public Affairs Officer, shows the cabin side of the NASA SOFIA telescope inside the 747SP jet at NASA’s Dryden flight center in Palmdale, CA on April 22, 2014. The closing sequence takes less than 1 minute and is imperceptible. VICTORVILLE, Calif. (VVNG.com) — A 91-year-old woman shot during a deputy-involved shooting in … Fewer than five examples remain airworthy today. Account active Fly from Sofia on Qatar Airways, Air France, KLM and more. Manny Antimisiaris. Woman, 91, dies after deputy-involved shooting in Spring Valley Lake. To realize my ambition of flying on an SP, I'd have to look to the stars. The “Modern Family” star posed completely nude for Women’s Health’s Naked 2017 issue. If turbulence increases from moderate to heavy, the telescope will go into standby mode. To prove their point, at 9:02 p.m., when the door opens, no one tells us. Dawn begins to subtly paint the horizon as the fuselage door closes, putting the telescope to bed. SOFIA's signature visual cue is the bulge at the back of the fuselage. NASA had told us proudly that, when SOFIA's telescope door opens at 35,000 feet, there would be no detectable buffeting inside the cabin. Very simply put, SOFIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy) is used to observe light in the infrared spectrum that's not visible to the naked eye. SOFIA stands for "Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy" and is based on a Boeing 747SP. "You can slow down the rising and setting of objects when flying west," he said. Most telescopes as we know them observe light that's visible to the naked eye. Read More: NASA operates a fleet of Gulfstream private jets used to shuttle astronauts and conduct research missions – take a closer look, Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Source: CNN and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Source: Universities Space Research Association. In its day, the SP could fly faster, higher, and longer-range than any other airliner. Its instruments consist of cameras, spectrometers, and photometers. SOFIA's platform, leveraging a plane versus a satellite in space like the orbiting Hubble telescope, has definite advantages, says Randolf Klein, SOFIA instrument scientist. Free Svg files for sure cuts a lot Quick Links; Home; Most Popular SVGs; Specials; What's New; All Products ... Information SOFIA is based on a Boeing 747SP wide-body aircraft that has been modified to include a large door in the aft fuselage that can be opened in flight to allow a 2.5 m (8.2 ft) diameter reflecting telescope access to the sky. Water vapor blocks infrared light energy and 99% of the world's water vapor exists below 39,000 feet. Search for Los Angeles flights on KAYAK now to find the best deal. Housed inside the former Pan Am and United Airlines Boeing 747 is a far-infrared telescope that can detect star formations, distant galaxies, and the formation of new solar systems. This mod features the openable hatch as well, so you can see inside the aircraft. Get it now on Libro.fm using the button below. Finally, on November 30, 2010, SOFIA embarked on its first full science research flight. A recap of all things electric vehicles, ride-hailing, airlines, and more. In the end, the House budget provided $70 million to keep the plane flying. I spotted no one playing Minecraft or surfing the web. On the flight deck, a green light on the flight engineer's panel indicates that the telescope door is open. The 2.5-meter telescope itself sits inside an airlock bulkhead that can open while at cruising altitude, by way of a special Raytheon-designed door in the plane’s aft left side. In the late 1970s, Boeing pitched NASA on the idea that an airborne telescope could be mounted on a 747. This includes visible light, X-rays, radio waves and other forms. Join us on a 12-month journey to see them all. The light you see with your eyes reveals only part of the universe. With no traffic on the field, at 8:35 p.m., the engines spool up to begin our takeoff. It's the best side of the aircraft for observing during westerly flight. In 1986 as Pan Am sold its Asian route network to United Airlines, the plane flew with United for nearly a decade. Facility. We wound our way up the 1970s vintage spiral 747 staircase to discover the most intimate of intimate upper decks: A shortened upper cabin consisting of Lufthansa Business class seats. A 172-inch-wide by 226-inch-tall door is located on the plane's left side. Astronomers observe many other types of "light" to expand our views of the universe. There's a perfect beach for every week of the year. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. Astonishingly, with the door open, there's only a 2% increase in fuel burn, thanks to the door's air flow design. It's essentially a 747-200 model, except it's 47 feet shorter. Data from NASA's flying observatory, nicknamed "SOFIA," was responsible for finding molecular water (H2O) on the moon. Search for Sofia flights on KAYAK now to find the best deal. At observation altitude, the cabin is kept in the mid-60 degrees Fahrenheit. SOFIA is not a new aircraft. While airlines are finding they no longer have a purpose for the jet, it has found a second life in the cargo realm, as the world's largest private jet, and now, as a scientist. The telescope is so precisely balanced that it appears to be moving, when in fact, the airplane is moving around the telescope. At 5:55 a.m., the de-throttling of the engines indicates our initial descent and that our scientific mission will be drawing to a close. After the turbulence passes, then its tracking target has to be reacquired. A 172-inch-wide by 226-inch-tall door is located on the plane's left side. SOFIA features a German-built 100-inch (2.5 meter) diameter far-infrared telescope weighing 20 tons mounted in the rear fuselage of a highly modified Boeing 747SP aircraft. SOFIA's mid-cabin is where the aircraft dons the appearance of NASA mission control, with consoles, computers, and monitors displaying esoteric data, alien user interfaces, and celestial images galore. The program costs $85 million per year in US funding and $20 million from DLR. Each of the 100 missions works out to nearly $1 million. Infrared light energy is just one strata of the electromagnetic spectrum. But even during moderate, choppy turbulence, it stays stable due to its spherical bearing, shock absorbers and gyroscopes. Normally, the telescope operators adjust it at intervals of 30 minutes to keep it on target. The telescope doesn't gather valuable data in daylight. The 747SP was originally delivered to Pan American World Airways on the 6 th May 1977, and was passed over to United Airlines on the 13 th of February 1986. Sure enough, there was no detectable turbulence. SOFIA certainly made it clear to me -- as it has to many in the scientific community -- that the sky is no longer the limit for telescopes. If that doesn’t have you Google-ing plane tickets (which by the way, are quite affordable from most European cities and since it’s a short flight. We take our seats and, at 8:08 p.m. local time, the doors are closed. The next layer of our atmosphere is the stratosphere where SOFIA needs to fly to get above the water vapor. When the airplane, nicknamed SOFIA, ﬁnally takes ﬂight in 2004, it will become the latest in a small but distinguished series of ﬂying observatories. News Sofia jet-setted off to Cabo San Lucas over the weekend, and with the help of her famous dad, her trip was made extra special. " Many objects in space emit almost all of their energy at infrared wavelengths. The stratosphere goes up to over 160,000 feet, and is where the ozone layer is. Editor's Note — Chris Sloan is managing editor and senior partner of Airways Magazine and. During our February 2016 flight, we would study 10 waypoints for 10 targets, including Jupiter's moon Titan and the planet Mars. Unlike satellites, a plane "can fly to any longitude or latitude on the planet to observe a special event.". Sofia also shared several snapshots from inside the plane during the flight, where everyone commemorated the occasion with dancing and drinking. Built in Neo-Byzantine style, it serves as the cathedral church of the Patriarch of Bulgaria and it is one of the largest Eastern Orthodox cathedrals in the world, as well as one of Sofia's symbols and primary tourist attractions. I chase airliners. since, “No Rules Rules: Netflix and the Culture of Reinvention”. Our crew of 25 souls included a pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer, navigator and 21 members of the science contingent. Like chasing a comet, there are few airliners more desirable or out of reach than the Boeing 747SP.
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